Enhanced photocatalytic activity of zeolite-encapsulated TiO2 clusters by complexation with organic additives and N-doping

Mercedes Alvaro, Esther Carbonell Llopis, Vicente Fornés, Hermenegildo García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the literature it was found that titanium oxide clusters of a few metal atoms encapsulated inside the micropores of zeolite Y exhibit large blue shifts in the Ti-O ligand-to-metal charge-transfer band as compared to non-encapsulated bulk titanium dioxide particles. This blue shift of the Ti-O absorption band is believed to have a negative effect on the photocatalytic activity of zeolite-encapsulated TiO2. We report here on circumventing this problem and increasing visible-light absorption by means of a red shift of the absorption band caused by addition of some organic molecular modifiers containing acidic OH groups that can strongly bind with titanol groups TiOH. In the studied series of zeolite-encapsulated TiO2 samples, the red shift of the optical spectrum follows the order: catechol > 4-aminobenzoic acid > benzole acid. Also N-doping of zeolite-encapsulated TiO2 clusters by thermal treatment with urea leads to a red shift of the TiO 2 absorption band that depends on the annealing and hydration conditions. By comparison to the degradation of phenol in aqueous solution, we have demonstrated that these changes in the absorption spectrum on addition of the organic modifier are also reflected in the photocatalytic activity of the samples; a greater increase in photocatalytic activity (about 30 %) was observed for the additive catechol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-205
Number of pages6
JournalChemPhysChem
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cluster compounds
  • Photocatalysis
  • Photochemistry
  • Titanium
  • Zeolites

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