Electron correlation effects on the first hyperpolarizability of push-pull-π-conjugated systems

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The first hyperpolarizability () of representative push-pull-conjugated compounds has been calculated at several levels of approximation to assess the effects of electron correlation. First, the 6-31G(d) basis set has been shown to give the best balance between accuracy and computational resources for a polyene linker whereas for polyyne linker, the 6-31G(d) basis set is already an optimal choice. As a result of cancellations between higher order contributions, the MP2 method turns out to be the method of choice to predict of push-pull-conjugated systems since it closely reproduces the values obtained with the reference CCSD(T) scheme. Moreover, the SDQ-MP4 and CCSD approaches provide rarely improved estimates over MP2 while the MP4 method does not represent an improvement over MP4-SDQ or the SCS-MP2 method, over MP2. Among density functional theory exchange-correlation functionals, LC-BLYP is reliable when characterizing the changes of first hyperpolarizability upon enlarging the-conjugated linker or upon changing the polyyne linker into a polyene segment. Nevertheless, its reliability is very similar to what can be achieved with the Hartree-Fock method and the MP2 scheme is by far more accurate. On the other hand, the BLYP, B3LYP, and BHandHLYP functionals perform quantitatively better in a number of cases but the trends are poorly described. This is also the case of the B2-PLYP and mPW2-PLYP functionals, which are often the most accurate, though they underestimate the increase of when going from polyyne to polyene linkers and overestimate the enhancement of with chain length.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)074113
JournalThe journal of chemical physics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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