Efficiency enhancement of perovskite solar cells based on opal-like photonic crystals

Michaël Lobet, Pierre Piron, Jennifer Dewalque, Anthony Maho, Olivier Deparis, Catherine Henrist, Jérôme Loicq

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    Perovskite solar cells have shown a tremendous interest for photovoltaics since the past decade. However, little is known on the influence of light management using photonic crystals inside such structures. We present here numerical simulations showing the effect of photonic crystal structuring on the integrated quantum efficiency of perovskite solar cells. The photo-active layer is made of an opal-like perovskite structure (monolayer, bilayer or trilayer of perovskite spheres) built in a TiO2 matrix. Fano resonances are exploited in order to enhance the absorption, especially near the bandgap of perovskite material. The excitation of quasi-guided modes inside the absorbing spheres enhances the integrated quantum efficiency and the photonic enhancement factor. More specifically, a photonic enhancement factor as high as 6.4% is predicted in the case of spheres monolayer compared to an unstructured perovskite layer. The influences of sphere’s radius and incident angle on the absorbing properties are also estimated. Those numerical results can be applied to the nascent field of photonic structuring inside perovskite solar cells.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)32308-32322
    Number of pages15
    JournalOptics Express
    Issue number22
    Publication statusPublished - 2019


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