1. A clinically available mixture of hydroxyethylrutosides (HR) was examined as inhibitors of endothelial cell activation by hypoxia in vitro. Thus, the effects of HR on ATP depletion, phospholipase A2 activation and neutrophil adherence were investigated in hypoxia-activated human umbilical vein endothelial cells in primary cell culture. 2. Our results show that HR inhibited two important steps of the activation of endothelial cells by hypoxia: the decrease in ATP content, which is the starting point of the process, and the activation of phospholipase A2 one enzyme responsible for the release of inflammatory mediators. This inhibition was dose-dependent with 70 to 90% inhibition at 500 μg ml-1 of HR. 3. In addition, hypoxia-activated endothelial cells increased their adhesiveness for neutrophils. This process could also be prevented in a dose-dependent manner if endothelial cells were incubated in the presence of HR. This inhibition was confirmed by a morphological study. 4. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that a possible explanation for the improvement in venous insufficiency by HR observed clinically could be their ability to inhibit the activation of endothelial cells during blood stasis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British journal of pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- Endothelial cells
- Neutrophil adhesion
- Phospholipase A