Double-peaked breakthrough curves as a consequence of solute transport through underground lakes : a case study of the Furfooz karst system, Belgium

Lorraine Dewaide, Vincent Hallet, Amael Poulain, Gaëtan Rochez, Pauline Collon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Downloads (Pure)


The existence of double-peaked breakthrough curves (BTC), which are the result of the transport of a dye tracer through underground lakes, is reported. Investigations were undertaken on the Furfooz karst system in southern Belgium. In this system, the River Lesse sinks partially into a swallow hole. The water follows a solitary conduit leading to an underground lake that is directly connected to a second underground lake. Double-peaked BTCs were detected in the resurgent water, downstream of this second lake. The report first describes field data (tracer tests in various hydrologic conditions) which point towards the double peak being linked to a nonlinear process that originates within the lakes. Complementary investigations within the lakes show a complex behavior of the dye tracer related to a specific hydrodynamic feature that leads to the separation of the solute plume. A conceptual model of the solute transport within the lakes is proposed. This model emphasizes the physical effect of the lakes on the dye flow-through process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-650
Number of pages10
JournalHydrogeology Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sept 2017


  • Karst, Tracer tests, double-peaked breakthrough curve, underground lake, Belgium
  • Karst
  • Belgium
  • Tracer tests
  • Double-peaked breakthrough curve
  • Underground lake

Cite this