The kinetics of the reactions of carbocations with carbanions 1 derived from 5-benzyl-substituted Meldrum's acids 1-H (Meldrum's acid=2,2-dimethyl-1,3- dioxane-4,6-dione) were investigated by UV/Vis spectroscopic methods. Benzhydryl cations Ar2CH+ added exclusively to C-5 of the Meldrum's acid moiety. As the second-order rate constants (kC) of these reactions in DMSO followed the linear free-energy relationship lg k=s N(N+E), the nucleophile-specific reactivity parameters N and s N for the carbanions 1 could be determined. In contrast, trityl cations Ar3C+ reacted differently. While tritylium ions of low electrophilicity (E<-2) reacted with 1 through rate-determining β-hydride abstraction, more Lewis acidic tritylium ions initially reacted at the carbonyl oxygen of 1 to form trityl enolates, which subsequently reionized and eventually yielded triarylmethanes and 5-benzylidene Meldrum's acids by hydride transfer.
- ambident reactivity
- linear free energy relationships
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Berionni, G. (Contributor), Chen, X. (Contributor), Mayr, H. (Contributor), Ofial, A. R. (Contributor) & Tan, Y. (Contributor), Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, 1 Jan 2014