One hundred and fifty seven Tiroler Kreuzer, a medieval currency from the county of Tyrol/Austria, were analysed in order to determine their place of mintage. The silver coins were produced during the 15th century in the mints of Merano (South Tyrol) and Hall (North Tyrol) but they have no marks or punches which would allow a clear distinction. Energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence analysis (EDXRF) was applied without sampling in order to determine the silver contents and also minor (Cu, Pb, Bi) and trace elements (Fe, Au, Hg, Ni). Owing to corrosion processes, which changed the chemical composition of the surfaces of the coins, investigations of cross-sections were necessary using energy-dispersive x-ray microanalysis in a scanning electron microscope (SEM/EDX) to determine the stage of corrosion and the Ag concentration of the core of the coins. The results showed differences of up to 50% between the composition of the core and the surface. Finally, proton-induced x-ray emission (PIXE) at an external proton beam was applied, in order to detect also Ni, an element which could not be measured by either EDXRF or SEM/EDX in the ppm range. The data show a clear difference in the Ni content between the coins from Merano (0.1% Ni) and Hall (0.01% Ni).
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|