Deoxynivalenol affects in vitro intestinal epithelial cell barrier integrity through inhibition of protein synthesis

Jacqueline Van De Walle, Thérèse Sergent, Neil Piront, Olivier Toussaint, Yves Jacques Schneider, Yvan Larondelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Deoxynivalenol (DON), one of the most common mycotoxin contaminants of raw and processed cereal food, adversely affects the gastrointestinal tract. Since DON acts as a protein synthesis inhibitor, the constantly renewing intestinal epithelium could be particularly sensitive to DON. We analyzed the toxicological effects of DON on intestinal epithelial protein synthesis and barrier integrity. Differentiated Caco-2 cells, as a widely used model of the human intestinal barrier, were exposed to realistic intestinal concentrations of DON (50, 500 and 5000ng/ml) during 24h. DON caused a concentration-dependent decrease in total protein content associated with a reduction in the incorporation of [3H]-leucine, demonstrating its inhibitory effect on protein synthesis. DON simultaneously increased the paracellular permeability of the monolayer as reflected through a decreased transepithelial electrical resistance associated with an increased paracellular flux of the tracer [3H]-mannitol. A concentration-dependent reduction in the expression level of the tight junction constituent claudin-4 was demonstrated by Western blot, which was not due to diminished transcription, increased degradation, or NF-κB, ERK or JNK activation, and was also observed for a tight junction independent protein, i.e. intestinal alkaline phosphatase. These results demonstrate a dual toxicological effect of DON on differentiated Caco-2 cells consisting in an inhibition of protein synthesis as well as an increase in monolayer permeability, and moreover suggest a possible link between them through diminished synthesis of the tight junction constituent claudin-4. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology and applied pharmacology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010


  • Barrier permeability
  • Caco-2 cells
  • Deoxynivalenol
  • Intestinal epithelium
  • Protein synthesis
  • Tight junction


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