CVD growth of self-assembled 2D and 1D WS2 nanomaterials for the ultrasensitive detection of NO2

Aanchal Alagh, Fatima Ezahra Annanouch, Polona Umek, Carla Bittencourt, Ayrton Sierra-Castillo, Emile Haye, Jean François Colomer, Eduard Llobet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Herein, we report for the first time on the facile synthesis of 2D layered WS 2 nanosheets assembled on 1D WS 2 nanostructures by combining the aerosol assisted chemical vapor deposition (AA-CVD) method with H 2-free atmospheric pressure CVD, for an ultrasensitive detection of NO 2. This synthesis strategy allows us a direct integration of the sensing material onto the sensor transducer with high growth yield and uniform coverage. Two different WS 2 morphologies (nanotriangles and nanoflakes) were prepared and investigated. The results show that the assembly of layered WS 2 nanosheets on a 3D architecture leads to an improvement in sensing performance by maintaining a high surface area in an accessible porous network. The sensors fabricated show stable, reproducible and remarkable responses towards NO 2 at ppb concentration levels. The highest sensitivity was recorded for WS 2 NT sensors, with an unprecedented ultra-low detection limit under 5 ppb. Additionally, this material has demonstrated its ability to detect 800 ppb of NO 2 even when operated at room temperature (25 °C). Regarding humidity cross-sensitivity, our WS 2 sensors remain stable and functional for detecting NO 2 at ppb levels (i.e., a moderate response decrease is observed) when ambient humidity is raised to 50%. An 8-month long-term stability study has been conducted, which indicates that WS 2-NT sensors show a very stable response to NO 2 over time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128813
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • CVD
  • Gas sensor
  • TMDs
  • WS


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