Critical tuning of magnetron sputtering process parameters for optimized solar selective absorption of NiCrO cermet coatings on aluminium substrate

L. Gaouyat, Frédéric Mirabella, O. Deparis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

NiCrO ceramic-metal composites (i.e. cermets) exhibit not only oxidation and moisture resistances, which are very important for industrial applications, but also remarkable solar selective absorption properties. In order to reach the best optical performances with only one coating layer, tuning of the magnetron sputtering process parameters (O flow rate, pressure and deposition time) was performed systematically. The process window turned out to be very narrow implying a critical tuning of the parameters. The optimal operating point was determined for a single layer coating of NiCrO on an aluminium substrate, leading to a spectrally integrated solar absorption as high as 78%. Among various material properties, the focus was put on the optical reflectance of the coating/substrate system, which was measured by UV-vis-NIR spectrophotometry. Using complex refractive index data from the literature, the theoretical reflectance spectra were calculated and found to be in good agreement with the measurements. Chemical analysis combined with scanning electronic and atomic force microscopies suggested a cermet structure consisting of metallic Ni particles and a compound matrix made of a mixture of chromium oxide, nickel oxide and nickel hydroxide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-117
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume271
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Cermet Cements
Aluminum
Magnetron sputtering
Tuning
Cermets
Coatings
Substrates
Nickel oxide
Spectrophotometry
Nickel
Industrial applications
Chromium
Atomic force microscopy
Refractive index
Materials properties
Moisture
Flow rate
Scanning
Oxidation
Oxides

Cite this

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title = "Critical tuning of magnetron sputtering process parameters for optimized solar selective absorption of NiCrO cermet coatings on aluminium substrate",
abstract = "NiCrO ceramic-metal composites (i.e. cermets) exhibit not only oxidation and moisture resistances, which are very important for industrial applications, but also remarkable solar selective absorption properties. In order to reach the best optical performances with only one coating layer, tuning of the magnetron sputtering process parameters (O flow rate, pressure and deposition time) was performed systematically. The process window turned out to be very narrow implying a critical tuning of the parameters. The optimal operating point was determined for a single layer coating of NiCrO on an aluminium substrate, leading to a spectrally integrated solar absorption as high as 78{\%}. Among various material properties, the focus was put on the optical reflectance of the coating/substrate system, which was measured by UV-vis-NIR spectrophotometry. Using complex refractive index data from the literature, the theoretical reflectance spectra were calculated and found to be in good agreement with the measurements. Chemical analysis combined with scanning electronic and atomic force microscopies suggested a cermet structure consisting of metallic Ni particles and a compound matrix made of a mixture of chromium oxide, nickel oxide and nickel hydroxide.",
author = "L. Gaouyat and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Mirabella and O. Deparis",
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AU - Gaouyat, L.

AU - Mirabella, Frédéric

AU - Deparis, O.

PY - 2013/4/15

Y1 - 2013/4/15

N2 - NiCrO ceramic-metal composites (i.e. cermets) exhibit not only oxidation and moisture resistances, which are very important for industrial applications, but also remarkable solar selective absorption properties. In order to reach the best optical performances with only one coating layer, tuning of the magnetron sputtering process parameters (O flow rate, pressure and deposition time) was performed systematically. The process window turned out to be very narrow implying a critical tuning of the parameters. The optimal operating point was determined for a single layer coating of NiCrO on an aluminium substrate, leading to a spectrally integrated solar absorption as high as 78%. Among various material properties, the focus was put on the optical reflectance of the coating/substrate system, which was measured by UV-vis-NIR spectrophotometry. Using complex refractive index data from the literature, the theoretical reflectance spectra were calculated and found to be in good agreement with the measurements. Chemical analysis combined with scanning electronic and atomic force microscopies suggested a cermet structure consisting of metallic Ni particles and a compound matrix made of a mixture of chromium oxide, nickel oxide and nickel hydroxide.

AB - NiCrO ceramic-metal composites (i.e. cermets) exhibit not only oxidation and moisture resistances, which are very important for industrial applications, but also remarkable solar selective absorption properties. In order to reach the best optical performances with only one coating layer, tuning of the magnetron sputtering process parameters (O flow rate, pressure and deposition time) was performed systematically. The process window turned out to be very narrow implying a critical tuning of the parameters. The optimal operating point was determined for a single layer coating of NiCrO on an aluminium substrate, leading to a spectrally integrated solar absorption as high as 78%. Among various material properties, the focus was put on the optical reflectance of the coating/substrate system, which was measured by UV-vis-NIR spectrophotometry. Using complex refractive index data from the literature, the theoretical reflectance spectra were calculated and found to be in good agreement with the measurements. Chemical analysis combined with scanning electronic and atomic force microscopies suggested a cermet structure consisting of metallic Ni particles and a compound matrix made of a mixture of chromium oxide, nickel oxide and nickel hydroxide.

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