Control of acute, chronic, and constitutive hyperammonemia by wild-type and genetically engineered Lactobacillus plantarum in rodents

Charles Nicaise, Deborah Prozzi, Eric Viaene, Christophe Moreno, Thierry Gustot, Eric Quertinmont, Pieter Demetter, Valérie Suain, Philippe Goffin, Jacques Devière, Pascal Hols

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hyperammonemia is a common complication of acute and chronic liver diseases. Often accompanied with side effects, therapeutic interventions such as antibiotics or lactulose are generally targeted to decrease the intestinal production and absorption of ammonia. In this study, we aimed to modulate hyperammonemia in three rodent models by administration of wild-type Lactobacillus plantarum, a genetically engineered ammonia hyperconsuming strain, and a strain deficient for the ammonia transporter. Wild-type and metabolically engineered L. plantarum strains were administered in ornithine transcarbamoylase-deficient Sparse-fur mice, a model of constitutive hyperammonemia, in a carbon tetrachloride rat model of chronic liver insufficiency and in a thioacetamide-induced acute liver failure mice model. Constitutive hyperammonemia in Sparse-fur mice and hyperammonemia in a rat model of chronic hepatic insufficiency were efficiently decreased by Lactobacillus administration. In a murine thioacetamide-induced model of acute liver failure, administration of probiotics significantly increased survival and decreased blood and fecal ammonia. The ammonia hyperconsuming strain exhibited a beneficial effect at a lower dose than its wild-type counterpart. Improved survival in the acute liver failure mice model was associated with lower blood ammonia levels but also with a decrease of astrocyte swelling in the brain cortex. Modulation of ammonia was abolished after administration of the strain deficient in the ammonium transporter. Intestinal pH was clearly lowered for all strains and no changes in gut flora were observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-92
Number of pages9
JournalHepatology (Baltimore, Md.)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008


  • Acute Disease
  • Alanine
  • Ammonia
  • Animals
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
  • Chronic Disease
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hyperammonemia
  • Lactobacillus plantarum
  • Lactulose
  • Liver Failure
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Probiotics
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • Thioacetamide

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