Construction of Value at-Risk forecasts under different distributional assumptions within a BEKK framework

Nicolas Scholtes, Manuela Braione

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper


Financial asset returns are known to be conditionally heteroskedastic and generally non-normally distributed, fat-tailed and often skewed. In order to account for both the skewness and the excess kurtosis in returns, we combine the BEKK model from the multivariate GARCH literature with different multivariate densities for the returns. The set of distributions we consider comprises the normal, Student, Multivariate Exponential Power and their skewed counterparts. Applying this framework to a sample of ten assets from the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index, we compare the performance of equally-weighted portfolios derived from the symmetric and skewed distributions in forecasting out-of-sample Value-at-Risk. The accuracy of the VaR forecasts is assessed by implementing standard statistical backtesting procedures. The results unanimously show that the inclusion of fat-tailed densities into the model specification yields more accurate VaR forecasts, while the further addition of skewness does not lead to significant improvements.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages37
Publication statusIn preparation - 2014

Publication series

NameCORE Discussion Paper Series
PublisherCenter for Operations Research and Econometrics


  • Value-at-risk forecasting
  • Value-at-risk backtesting
  • Distributions


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