Objective: Recently we reviewed the 10-year clinical and angiographic outcomes of sequential internal thoracic artery grafting. Most of the patients also received complementary saphenous grafts, and their overall long-term patency rates were surprisingly high. Therefore, we decided to analyze these results in more detail. Methods: The first consecutive 500 patients having received at least one sequential internal thoracic artery graft between October 1985 and August 1991 were restudied retrospectively. The saphenous grafts were only used to achieve complete revascularization in addition to complex arterial grafting on less significant or remote coronary vessels. A total of 161 patients consented to a late angiographic restudy at a mean postoperative interval of 7.5 years (1-12.2 years). Results: At 5 and 10 years postoperatively, freedom from angina was 96% and 82%, and freedom from any cardiac event was 92.8% and 69%, respectively. Only 15 (3.1%) patients needed additional revascularization (0.3% per patient-year): 4 coronary artery bypass grafting (0.8%) and 11 percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (2.3%). The overall patency and intactness rates of saphenous anastomoses were 72.5% and 60.2%, respectively. There was a significant difference between the patency and intactness of sequential versus single anastomoses: 76% versus 60% and 64.5% versus 44.4%, respectively. There was no significant difference in either patency or intactness between right internal thoracic and sequential saphenous grafts anastomosed to the right coronary artery: 83.4% versus 75.2% and 77.8% versus 62.4%, respectively. The same was true for the anastomoses to the "remote area" (distal circumflex, distal right coronary artery). Conclusions: Complementary sequential saphenous grafting still deserves consideration in some patients below 70 years of age, particularly for those with disease in the "remote area": the distal circumflex and right coronary branches.