A typing scheme for Clostridium difficile based on slide agglutination with rabbit antisera was previously described. It allows the differentiation of 10 serogroups designated A, B, C, D, F, G, H, I, K, and X. We studied the correlation between serogrouping and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) of whole-cell proteins. A total of 202 isolates from different sources were analyzed by PAGE after ultrasonic disintegration of cells from an 18-h liquid culture and treatment with sodium dodecyl sulfate and 2-mercaptoethanol. A total of 21 different patterns were observed. The reference strains from the 10 serogroups showed different profiles. For each serogroup except A, the patterns obtained with the clinical isolates were identical to the patterns obtained with the reference strains. For the 48 strains belonging to serogroup A, 12 different profiles were observed. Five of these involved strains isolated from patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Typing by sodium dodecyl sulfate-PAGE thus correlates with serogrouping. In addition, it allows discrimination within the heterogeneous serogroup A.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of clinical microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|