Comparing GRL and KAOS using the UEML Approach

Raimundas Matulevicius, Patrick Heymans, Andreas Opdahl

Research output: Contribution in Book/Catalog/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Goal-oriented modelling languages are central in the information systems (IS) field, both for aligning new IS with organisational needs and for developing agent-oriented software systems. However, existing goal-oriented languages differ significantly in both syntax and semantics. The paper analyses and compares the syntax and semantics of GRL and KAOS using the UEML approach, providing a systematic and detailed comparison of the two languages, in part based on the Bunge-Wand-Weber (BWW) model and Bunge's ontology. The work offers a path towards integrated management and use of models expressed in GRL and KAOS, it contributes to incorporating GRL and KAOS into version 2 of the unified enterprise modelling language, which is currently being developed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInteroperability for Enterprise Software and Applications (I-ESA'07)
EditorsR. J Concalves, J. P Muller, K Mertins, M Zelm
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Unified Enterprise Modelling Language (UEML).
  • Goal-oriented modelling
  • ontological analysis of modelling languages
  • KAOS
  • GRL


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