Comparative study of the enzymatic defense systems against oxygen-derived free radicals; the key role of glutathione peroxidase

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Abstract

Human WI-38 diploid fibroblasts have been cultivated under high toxic O2 pressure, and their survival curves are reported. Superoxide dismutase, catalase, or glutathione peroxidase provided some protection when injected in the cells exposed to O2. This protective effect, recorded after 3 or 4 days of incubation, was the most pronounced when cells were injected just before oxygen exposure. Quantitative injection assays have been performed for the three enzymes. Surprisingly, glutathione peroxidase was found to be much more effective than both catalase and superoxide dismutase, the latter being particularly inefficient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-7
Number of pages5
JournalFree Radicals in Biology and Medicine
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

Keywords

  • Catalase
  • Glutathione peroxidase
  • Microinjection
  • Oxygen radicals
  • Superoxide dismutase

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