Cloning and sequence analysis of a newly identified Brucella abortus gene and serological evaluation of the 17-kilodalton antigen that it encodes

F Hemmen, V Weynants, T Scarcez, Jean-Jacques Letesson, E Saman

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A thus far unknown gene encoding a Brucella abortus protein has been isolated from a lambda gt11 expression library probed with sera from Brucella-infected sheep. Sequence analysis of the cloned gene revealed the presence of an open reading frame of 158 amino acids encoding a protein of 17.3 kDa (calculated molecular mass). The recombinant B. abortus protein, expressed in Escherichia coli, and the corresponding Brucella melitensis protein migrated at the same apparent molecular masses as shown by Western blotting (immunoblotting). Among a series of serum samples from B. melitensis- or B. abortus-infected sheep and cows, 51 and 39%, respectively, showed a signal at 17 kDa on Western blot analysis of total protein extract from Brucella bacteria. These figures amount to 70 and 61% for sheep and cattle, respectively, in a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with a specific monoclonal antibody. These data indicate that the 17-kDa antigen may be useful for serological diagnosis of Brucella infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-7
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1995


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