Circumventing senescence is associated with stem cell properties and metformin sensitivity

Xavier Deschênes-Simard, Maxime Parisotto, Marie Camille Rowell, Benjamin Le Calvé, Sebastian Igelmann, Karine Moineau-Vallée, Emmanuelle Saint-Germain, Paloma Kalegari, Véronique Bourdeau, Filippos Kottakis, Nabeel Bardeesy, Gerardo Ferbeyre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Most cancers arise in old individuals, which also accumulate senescent cells. Cellular senescence can be experimentally induced by expression of oncogenes or telomere shortening during serial passage in culture. In vivo, precursor lesions of several cancer types accumulate senescent cells, which are thought to represent a barrier to malignant progression and a response to the aberrant activation of growth signaling pathways by oncogenes (oncogene toxicity). Here, we sought to define gene expression changes associated with cells that bypass senescence induced by oncogenic RAS. In the context of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), oncogenic KRAS induces benign pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PanINs), which exhibit features of oncogene-induced senescence. We found that the bypass of senescence in PanINs leads to malignant PDAC cells characterized by gene signatures of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, stem cells, and mitochondria. Stem cell properties were similarly acquired in PanIN cells treated with LPS, and in primary fibroblasts and mammary epithelial cells that bypassed Ras-induced senescence after reduction of ERK signaling. Intriguingly, maintenance of cells that circumvented senescence and acquired stem cell properties was blocked by metformin, an inhibitor of complex I of the electron transport chain or depletion of STAT3, a protein required for mitochondrial functions and stemness. Thus, our studies link bypass of senescence in premalignant lesions to loss of differentiation, acquisition of stemness features, and increased reliance on mitochondrial functions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12889
Pages (from-to)e12889
Number of pages15
JournalAging Cell
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

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    Deschênes-Simard, X., Parisotto, M., Rowell, M. C., Le Calvé, B., Igelmann, S., Moineau-Vallée, K., Saint-Germain, E., Kalegari, P., Bourdeau, V., Kottakis, F., Bardeesy, N., & Ferbeyre, G. (2019). Circumventing senescence is associated with stem cell properties and metformin sensitivity. Aging Cell, 18(2), e12889. [e12889]. https://doi.org/10.1111/acel.12889