Chloroquine allows to distinguish between hepatocyte lysosomes and sinusoidal cell lysosomes

R. Wattiaux, F. Gentinne, M. Jadot, F. Dubois, S. Wattiaux-De Coninck

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We have examined the effect of chloroquine on rat liver lysosomal enzyme distributions after isopycnic centrifugation in a sucrose gradient. Chloroquine injection causes the large majority of cathepsin C, acid phosphatase and N acetyl glucosaminidase to migrate towards lower density regions; on the other hand only about 50% of arylsulfatase and acid deoxyribonuclease are subjected to such a density shift. To specifically mark hepatocyte lysosomes and sinusoidal cell lysosomes, rats were injected with galactosylated bovine serum albumin (A) or mannosylated bovine serum albumin (B) labelled with 125I tyramine cellobiose; A is selectively endocytosed by hepatocytes, B by sinusoidal cells. The radioactivity distribution is affected by chloroquine in the same way as cathepsin C, after injection of A though it is not influenced by chloroquine after the injection of B. These results show that chloroquine does not modify the density of liver sinusoidal cell lysosomes when it decreases the density of hepatocyte lysosomes. Such a difference could result from the fact that sinusoidal cell lysosomes do not accumulate chloroquine to the same extent as hepatocyte lysosomes. Chloroquine treatment could be useful to distinguish between hepatocyte lysosomes and sinusoidal cell lysosomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-813
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993


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