Catalytic abatement of CO and volatile organic compounds in waste gases by gold catalysts supported on ceria-modified mesoporous titania and zirconia

Vasko Idakiev, Dimitar Dimitrov, Tatyana Tabakova, Krasimir Ivanov, Zhong Yong Yuan, Bao Lian Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mesoporous oxides TiO2 and ZrO2, synthesized by surfactant templating via a neutral C13(EO)6–Zr(OC3H7)4 assembly pathway, and ceria-modified TiO2 and ZrO2, prepared by a deposition–precipitation (DP) method, featuring high surface areas and uniform pore size distributions were used as supports for gold catalysts. The supported gold catalysts were assessed for the catalytic abatement of air pollutants, i.e., CO, CH3OH, and (CH3)2O. The gold was supported on the mesoporous oxides by a DP method. The supports and catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, N2 adsorption–desorption analysis, and temperature-programmed reduction technique. A high degree of synergistic interaction between ceria and mesoporous ZrO2 and TiO2 as well as a positive modification of the structural and catalytic properties by ceria was observed. The ceria additive interacts with the mesoporous oxides and induces a strong effect on the reducibility of the supports. The catalytic behavior of the catalysts was discussed to determine the role of the ceria modifying additive and possible interaction between the gold nanoparticles and ceria-mesoporous oxide supports. The gold catalysts supported on ceria-modified mesoporous ZrO2 displayed superior catalytic activity (∼100% conversion of CO at 10 °C and CH3OH at 60 °C). The high catalytic activity can be attributed to the ability of the support to assist oxygen vacancies formation. The studies indicate that the ceria-modified mesoporous oxide supports have potential as supports for gold-based catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-587
Number of pages9
JournalCuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Gold catalyst
  • Mesoporous oxide
  • Methanol dimethylether
  • Oxidation
  • Volatile organic compound abatement

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