Capillary electrophoresis as a fragment screening tool to cross-validate hits from chromogenic assay: Application to FXIIa

C. Davoine, M. Fillet, L. Pochet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, a partial-filling affinity capillary electrophoresis (pf-ACE) method was developed for the cross-validation of fragment hits revealed by chromogenic factor XIIa (FXIIa) assay. Chromogenic assay produces false positives, mainly due to spectrophotometric interferences and sample purity issues. pf-ACE was selected as counter-screening technology because of its separative character and the fact that the target does not have to be attached or tagged. The effects of protein plug length, applied voltage and composition of the running buffer were examined and optimized. Detection limit in terms of dissociation constant was estimated at 400 μM. The affinity evaluation was performed close to physiological conditions (pH 7.4, ionic strength 0.13 mol L−1) in a poly (ethylene oxide)-coated capillary of 75 μm internal diameter x 33 cm length with an applied voltage of 3 kV. This method uncovered chromogenic assay's false positives due to zinc contamination. Moreover, pf-ACE supported the evaluation of compounds absorbing at 405 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122163
Pages (from-to)122163
JournalTalanta
Volume226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Chromogenic assay
  • Factor XIIa
  • False positive
  • Fragment-based lead discovery
  • Serine proteinase inhibitors

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