Beta-lactamases from Yersinia enterocolitica

G Cornelis, E P Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two beta-lactamases, A and B, have been shown to be present in a strain of Yersinia enterocolitica (w222). Beta-Lactamase A hydrolyses a variety of penicillins and cephalosporins. This enzyme is sensitive to thiol reagents, is only partially inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of approximatley 20,000.beta-Lactamase B shows strong cephalosporinase activity but does not hydrolyse some of the penicillins. It is more resistant than beta-lactamase A to thiol reagents, is completely inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of about 34,000. With cephaloridine as a substrate, which is readily hydrolysed by both enzymes, about 85% of the total activity of a cell extract is due to beta-lactamase A and 15% to B. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to the culture during growth results in a 2-to4-fold selective increase in the amount of beta-lactamase B. Two beta-lactamases similar to enzymes A and B have been found in five other strains of Y. enterocolitica. In contrast, only one beta-lactamase, similar to enzyme B, has been detected in a different strain of Y. enterocolitica (H66), which is abnormal in that it is sensitive to ampicillin. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to cultures of this strain results in an 8-to 10-fold increase in beta-lactamase production.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-84
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of general microbiology
Volume87
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1975

Fingerprint

Yersinia enterocolitica
beta-Lactamases
Cloxacillin
Sulfhydryl Reagents
Enzymes
Penicillins
Molecular Weight
Cephalosporinase
Cephaloridine
Cephalosporins
Ampicillin
Cell Extracts

Cite this

Cornelis, G ; Abraham, E P. / Beta-lactamases from Yersinia enterocolitica. In: Journal of general microbiology. 1975 ; Vol. 87, No. 2. pp. 273-84.
@article{b09a7dad617f4c64972e4cf9962e375d,
title = "Beta-lactamases from Yersinia enterocolitica",
abstract = "Two beta-lactamases, A and B, have been shown to be present in a strain of Yersinia enterocolitica (w222). Beta-Lactamase A hydrolyses a variety of penicillins and cephalosporins. This enzyme is sensitive to thiol reagents, is only partially inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of approximatley 20,000.beta-Lactamase B shows strong cephalosporinase activity but does not hydrolyse some of the penicillins. It is more resistant than beta-lactamase A to thiol reagents, is completely inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of about 34,000. With cephaloridine as a substrate, which is readily hydrolysed by both enzymes, about 85{\%} of the total activity of a cell extract is due to beta-lactamase A and 15{\%} to B. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to the culture during growth results in a 2-to4-fold selective increase in the amount of beta-lactamase B. Two beta-lactamases similar to enzymes A and B have been found in five other strains of Y. enterocolitica. In contrast, only one beta-lactamase, similar to enzyme B, has been detected in a different strain of Y. enterocolitica (H66), which is abnormal in that it is sensitive to ampicillin. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to cultures of this strain results in an 8-to 10-fold increase in beta-lactamase production.",
author = "G Cornelis and Abraham, {E P}",
year = "1975",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "273--84",
journal = "Journal of general microbiology",
issn = "0022-1287",
publisher = "Society for General Microbiology",
number = "2",

}

Beta-lactamases from Yersinia enterocolitica. / Cornelis, G; Abraham, E P.

In: Journal of general microbiology, Vol. 87, No. 2, 1975, p. 273-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Beta-lactamases from Yersinia enterocolitica

AU - Cornelis, G

AU - Abraham, E P

PY - 1975

Y1 - 1975

N2 - Two beta-lactamases, A and B, have been shown to be present in a strain of Yersinia enterocolitica (w222). Beta-Lactamase A hydrolyses a variety of penicillins and cephalosporins. This enzyme is sensitive to thiol reagents, is only partially inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of approximatley 20,000.beta-Lactamase B shows strong cephalosporinase activity but does not hydrolyse some of the penicillins. It is more resistant than beta-lactamase A to thiol reagents, is completely inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of about 34,000. With cephaloridine as a substrate, which is readily hydrolysed by both enzymes, about 85% of the total activity of a cell extract is due to beta-lactamase A and 15% to B. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to the culture during growth results in a 2-to4-fold selective increase in the amount of beta-lactamase B. Two beta-lactamases similar to enzymes A and B have been found in five other strains of Y. enterocolitica. In contrast, only one beta-lactamase, similar to enzyme B, has been detected in a different strain of Y. enterocolitica (H66), which is abnormal in that it is sensitive to ampicillin. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to cultures of this strain results in an 8-to 10-fold increase in beta-lactamase production.

AB - Two beta-lactamases, A and B, have been shown to be present in a strain of Yersinia enterocolitica (w222). Beta-Lactamase A hydrolyses a variety of penicillins and cephalosporins. This enzyme is sensitive to thiol reagents, is only partially inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of approximatley 20,000.beta-Lactamase B shows strong cephalosporinase activity but does not hydrolyse some of the penicillins. It is more resistant than beta-lactamase A to thiol reagents, is completely inhibited by 0-1 mM-cloxacillin and has a molecular weight of about 34,000. With cephaloridine as a substrate, which is readily hydrolysed by both enzymes, about 85% of the total activity of a cell extract is due to beta-lactamase A and 15% to B. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to the culture during growth results in a 2-to4-fold selective increase in the amount of beta-lactamase B. Two beta-lactamases similar to enzymes A and B have been found in five other strains of Y. enterocolitica. In contrast, only one beta-lactamase, similar to enzyme B, has been detected in a different strain of Y. enterocolitica (H66), which is abnormal in that it is sensitive to ampicillin. Addition of 6-aminopenicillanic acid to cultures of this strain results in an 8-to 10-fold increase in beta-lactamase production.

M3 - Article

C2 - 237976

VL - 87

SP - 273

EP - 284

JO - Journal of general microbiology

JF - Journal of general microbiology

SN - 0022-1287

IS - 2

ER -