Atomically dispersed Co-N4C2 catalytic sites for wide-temperature Na-Se batteries

Wen Da Dong, Yan Li, Chao Fan Li, Zhi Yi Hu, Liang Ching Hsu, Li Hua Chen, Yu Li, Aiwen Lei, Bao Lian Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sodium-selenium (Na-Se) batteries have been widely regarded as promising large-scale energy storage systems owing to the high volumetric energy density of 2530 W h L−1 and natural abundance of the element sodium. However, critical drawbacks including sluggish redox kinetics, severe volume variation and shuttle effect seriously deteriorate the electrochemical performance. Herein, we propose a precompetitive coordination strategy for over-coordinated single-atom catalyst, and subsequently synthesize the six-coordinated Co electrocatalyst supported carbon nanofibers (Co-N4C2) for solid-state conversion in wide-temperature Na-Se batteries. The Co-N4C2 catalyst can not only boost the redox kinetics of solid-phase Na2Se2/Na2Se, but also accelerate the electroreduction of ethylene carbonate to construct robust cathode electrolyte interphase, thereby inhibiting the irreversible phase transformation of active Se species. Furthermore, for the first time, the components of the cathode electrolyte interphase as sodium ethylene mono-carbonate are identified. Consequently, the as-synthesized free-standing Se@Co-N4C2 cathode with high Se-loading realizes high capacity, cycling stability and rate capability at both room temperature (20.0/40.0 ℃) and low temperature (− 11.7 ℃).

Original languageEnglish
Article number108005
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Cathode electrolyte interphase
  • Na-Se batteries
  • Over-coordinate SA catalyst
  • Sodium ethylene mono-carbonate
  • Solid-phase Na-Se electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Atomically dispersed Co-N4C2 catalytic sites for wide-temperature Na-Se batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this