Assigning the stereochemistry of syn and anti β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters using GIAO 1H NMR chemical shift calculations

Slim Hadj Mohamed, Mahmoud Trabelsi, Benoît Champagne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The stereostructure of β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters synthesized by Bellassoued et al. [J. Org. Chem. 2001, 66, 5054–5057] using Mukaiyama aldol reaction has been reassigned using density functional theory NMR 1H chemical shifts calculations. It is now concluded that the major diastereoisomer is syn and the minor is anti. Within this assignment, for all silyl esters, δHa(anti) > δHa(syn), δHb(anti) < δHb(syn), and 3JHa-Hb (anti) > 3JHa-Hb (syn). Since the experimental assignment was based on the stereostructure (E/Z) of the cinnamic acid obtained by elimination of trimethylsilyl 3-phenyl-3-(trimethylsiloxy)-2-(trimethylsilyl)propanoate in the presence of TiCl4 and on the assumption that this elimination is anti stereospecific in acidic medium, one arrives at the conclusion that the elimination of syn and anti β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters is not anti stereospecific.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-440
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of molecular structure
Volume1141
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2017

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Stereochemistry
Chemical shift
Carboxylic acids
Esters
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Propionates
Density functional theory

Keywords

  • H NMR reassignment
  • Diastereoselectivity
  • Mukaiyama aldol reaction

Cite this

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title = "Assigning the stereochemistry of syn and anti β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters using GIAO 1H NMR chemical shift calculations",
abstract = "The stereostructure of β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters synthesized by Bellassoued et al. [J. Org. Chem. 2001, 66, 5054–5057] using Mukaiyama aldol reaction has been reassigned using density functional theory NMR 1H chemical shifts calculations. It is now concluded that the major diastereoisomer is syn and the minor is anti. Within this assignment, for all silyl esters, δHa(anti) > δHa(syn), δHb(anti) < δHb(syn), and 3JHa-Hb (anti) > 3JHa-Hb (syn). Since the experimental assignment was based on the stereostructure (E/Z) of the cinnamic acid obtained by elimination of trimethylsilyl 3-phenyl-3-(trimethylsiloxy)-2-(trimethylsilyl)propanoate in the presence of TiCl4 and on the assumption that this elimination is anti stereospecific in acidic medium, one arrives at the conclusion that the elimination of syn and anti β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters is not anti stereospecific.",
keywords = "H NMR reassignment, Diastereoselectivity, Mukaiyama aldol reaction",
author = "{Hadj Mohamed}, Slim and Mahmoud Trabelsi and Beno{\^i}t Champagne",
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AU - Hadj Mohamed, Slim

AU - Trabelsi, Mahmoud

AU - Champagne, Benoît

PY - 2017/8/5

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AB - The stereostructure of β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters synthesized by Bellassoued et al. [J. Org. Chem. 2001, 66, 5054–5057] using Mukaiyama aldol reaction has been reassigned using density functional theory NMR 1H chemical shifts calculations. It is now concluded that the major diastereoisomer is syn and the minor is anti. Within this assignment, for all silyl esters, δHa(anti) > δHa(syn), δHb(anti) < δHb(syn), and 3JHa-Hb (anti) > 3JHa-Hb (syn). Since the experimental assignment was based on the stereostructure (E/Z) of the cinnamic acid obtained by elimination of trimethylsilyl 3-phenyl-3-(trimethylsiloxy)-2-(trimethylsilyl)propanoate in the presence of TiCl4 and on the assumption that this elimination is anti stereospecific in acidic medium, one arrives at the conclusion that the elimination of syn and anti β-trimethylsiloxy-α-trimethylsilyl alkanoic acid silyl esters is not anti stereospecific.

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