Announcements, financial operations or both? Generalizing central banks' FX reaction functions

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Abstract

This paper generalizes the reaction functions of central banks' FX interventions to include oral interventions alongside actual ones. Using Japanese data for the 1991-2004 period, we estimate an ordered-probit model explaining the occurrence of each type of intervention and evaluating the extent to which oral and actual interventions are substitutes or complements. In addition, the effectiveness of interventions is examined using an event-study approach. Our results indicate that the Japanese authorities tended to adopt progressively stronger measures as the exchange rate was found to behave in an increasingly unfavorable way. This suggests that words and deeds were only coordinated (i.e. used in a complementary way) in extreme cases. Overall, interventions are found to be moderately successful in correcting unwanted exchange-rate developments, especially volatility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-394
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of the Japanese and International Economies
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009

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central bank
Reaction function
Central bank
Announcement
event
Exchange rates

Keywords

  • Central banks
  • Communication policy
  • Foreign exchange market
  • Interventions

Cite this

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title = "Announcements, financial operations or both? Generalizing central banks' FX reaction functions",
abstract = "This paper generalizes the reaction functions of central banks' FX interventions to include oral interventions alongside actual ones. Using Japanese data for the 1991-2004 period, we estimate an ordered-probit model explaining the occurrence of each type of intervention and evaluating the extent to which oral and actual interventions are substitutes or complements. In addition, the effectiveness of interventions is examined using an event-study approach. Our results indicate that the Japanese authorities tended to adopt progressively stronger measures as the exchange rate was found to behave in an increasingly unfavorable way. This suggests that words and deeds were only coordinated (i.e. used in a complementary way) in extreme cases. Overall, interventions are found to be moderately successful in correcting unwanted exchange-rate developments, especially volatility.",
keywords = "Central banks, Communication policy, Foreign exchange market, Interventions",
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T1 - Announcements, financial operations or both? Generalizing central banks' FX reaction functions

AU - Bernal, Oscar

AU - Gnabo, Jean Yves

PY - 2009/12/1

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N2 - This paper generalizes the reaction functions of central banks' FX interventions to include oral interventions alongside actual ones. Using Japanese data for the 1991-2004 period, we estimate an ordered-probit model explaining the occurrence of each type of intervention and evaluating the extent to which oral and actual interventions are substitutes or complements. In addition, the effectiveness of interventions is examined using an event-study approach. Our results indicate that the Japanese authorities tended to adopt progressively stronger measures as the exchange rate was found to behave in an increasingly unfavorable way. This suggests that words and deeds were only coordinated (i.e. used in a complementary way) in extreme cases. Overall, interventions are found to be moderately successful in correcting unwanted exchange-rate developments, especially volatility.

AB - This paper generalizes the reaction functions of central banks' FX interventions to include oral interventions alongside actual ones. Using Japanese data for the 1991-2004 period, we estimate an ordered-probit model explaining the occurrence of each type of intervention and evaluating the extent to which oral and actual interventions are substitutes or complements. In addition, the effectiveness of interventions is examined using an event-study approach. Our results indicate that the Japanese authorities tended to adopt progressively stronger measures as the exchange rate was found to behave in an increasingly unfavorable way. This suggests that words and deeds were only coordinated (i.e. used in a complementary way) in extreme cases. Overall, interventions are found to be moderately successful in correcting unwanted exchange-rate developments, especially volatility.

KW - Central banks

KW - Communication policy

KW - Foreign exchange market

KW - Interventions

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