Affirmative action, education and gender: Evidence from India

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This paper studies the impact of India's affirmative action policies for Scheduled Castes on educational attainment. Using a plausibly exogenous variation, I show that affirmative action increases educational attainment. The main improvements are in literacy and secondary schooling and there is only small evidence of increases in higher education. The benefits are not distributed evenly across genders: only males show an increase in education (in literacy, primary and secondary completion). Individuals at the intersection of discriminated groups (low caste and female) may not be benefiting from these policies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-70
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Development Economics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Affirmative action
  • Education
  • Gender
  • Identity
  • India
  • Intersectionality
  • Quota
  • Scheduled caste

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