A Typology of Municipalities’ Roles and Expected User’s Roles in Open Government Data Release and Reuse

Research output: Contribution in Book/Catalog/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to identify the roles municipalities take when engaging in Open Government Data (OGD) and the expectations of user’s roles they imply. According to the output delivered, the user can relate to data or data-based solutions. OGD is data released by public organisations to enhance government transparency, innovation, and participation. The realization of those benefits involves different roles, from providing data, developing solutions, to using them for a certain purpose. However, the definition of the municipalities’ and users’ roles in that context is unclear, which can impact the realization of the OGD benefits. This study uses Role Theory’s concepts as an analytical lens, following the Design Science Research approach to create a typology. We conducted a hermeneutic literature review, identified, and analysed 52 papers, to build a typology of the municipalities’ roles based on the goals, tasks, output delivered, and the expected users’ roles they generate. It results in seven classes of roles coming in pairs. We tested the typology on empirical cases: the 28 Belgian and 158 Swedish municipalities engaged in OGD. Five role pairs were encountered in the empirical cases, and two occurred only in previous literature. The typology can help municipalities to understand how their role choice calls for a certain type of users that cannot be generalized as a “citizen”. Role Theory opens new perspectives of research to understand their interdependence and raises fundamental role-related questions that should be given the same importance as technical and technological challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectronic Government
Subtitle of host publication20th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2021, Proceedings
EditorsHans Jochen Scholl, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia, Marijn Janssen, Evangelos Kalampokis, Evangelos Kalampokis, Ida Lindgren, Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages137-152
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783030847883
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event20th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2021, held in conjunction with the IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2021 and the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government Conference, CeDEM 2021 - Granada, Spain
Duration: 7 Sep 20219 Sep 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer
Volume12850 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference20th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2021, held in conjunction with the IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2021 and the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government Conference, CeDEM 2021
Country/TerritorySpain
CityGranada
Period7/09/219/09/21

Keywords

  • Municipalities
  • Open Government Data
  • Roles
  • Typology
  • User

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