The sodium dual ion battery (Na-DIB) technology is proposed as highly promising alternative over lithium-ion batteries for the stationary electrochemical energy-storage devices. However, the sluggish reaction kinetics of anode materials seriously impedes their practical implementation. Herein, a Na-DIB based on TiSe2-graphite is reported. The high diffusion coefficient of Na-ions (3.21×10−11–1.20×10−9 cm2 s−1) and the very low Na-ion diffusion barrier (0.50 eV) lead to very fast electrode kinetics, alike in conventional surface capacitive storage systems. In-situ investigations reveal that the fast Na-ion diffusion involves four insertion stage compositions. A prototype cell shows a reversible capacity of 81.8 mAh g−1 at current density of 100 mA g−1, excellent stability with 83.52 % capacity retention over 200 cycles and excellent rate performance, suggesting its potential for next-generation large scale high-performance stationary energy storage systems.
- dual-ion batteries
- graphite cathodes
- reaction mechanisms
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Technological Platform Physical Chemistry and characterization
Facility/equipment: Technological Platform