A classification for community discovery methods in complex networks

Michele Coscia, Fosca Giannotti, Dino Pedreschi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Many real-world networks are intimately organized according to a community structure. Much research effort has been devoted to develop methods and algorithms that can efficiently highlight this hidden structure of a network, yielding a vast literature on what is called today community detection. Since network representation can be very complex and can contain different variants in the traditional graph model, each algorithm in the literature focuses on some of these properties and establishes, explicitly or implicitly, its own definition of community. According to this definition, each proposed algorithm then extracts the communities, which typically reflect only part of the features of real communities. The aim of this survey is to provide a 'user manual' for the community discovery problem. Given a meta definition of what a community in a social network is, our aim is to organize the main categories of community discovery methods based on the definition of community they adopt. Given a desired definition of community and the features of a problem (size of network, direction of edges, multidimensionality, and so on) this review paper is designed to provide a set of approaches that researchers could focus on. The proposed classification of community discovery methods is also useful for putting into perspective the many open directions for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-546
Number of pages35
JournalStatistical Analysis and Data Mining
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Community discovery
  • Complex network
  • Graph clustering
  • Graph mining
  • Graph partitioning
  • Groups
  • Information propagation
  • Social network


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