The origins of bureaucracy. The spread of literacy and its consequences for the evolution of princely government in the "Southern Low Countries" and Northern France, 12th-14th centuries.

Project: Research

Project Details


The main issue is the impact of the late-12th century transformations of literacy on the exercise of traditional princely power : this project will put into light how territorial princes adapted their habits of ruling to exploit the opportunities offered by the written word.
Effective start/end date1/10/06 → …


  • Territorial principalities
  • Feudalism
  • History
  • Bureaucracy
  • Middle Ages
  • Princely government
  • Literacy


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